Youth lacrosse in Shelburne, VT

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GRADE 3-8 BOYS DRILLS/GAMES FOR INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM SKILLS

 

PART 2- (GROUND BALLS, DEFENSIVE SKILLS, FEEDING AND SHOOTING, OFF BALL PLAY, FACE OFFS, TEAM PLAY)

 
NOTE-   See the Shelburne Lacrosse Playbook for specific plays.
 
GROUND BALLS/SCOOPING
 
INDIVIDUAL SCOOPING AND CRADLING
 
Goal-
To develop scooping skills
 
Description-
 A player starts with a ball in his stick and rolls out the ball.  He then scoops up the ground ball.  Be sure the scooper bends his knees and scoops through the ball.  The scooper must yell, “ball” before he scoops the ball and  “release” after scooping the ball.   After scooping the ball, the ball carrier runs several steps while cradling the       ball ( the scooper should have a tight cradle protecting the ball).  (See the “Man, Ball, Release, Help” section for an explanation of groundball commands)
 
Variations-
a) Kicking and Hitting Ball With the Stick Variation
Same as above but the player with the ball will start by kicking the ball at his feet away from him and then scooping the ball.  The purpose of this is to teach the concept that a player can gain scooping space by kicking the ball away.  Another way to gain space is to hit the ball away with the stick and then scoop.
 
b)Players scoop with their non-dominant hand.
 
c)Players roll the ball between their legs to start.
 
 
PARTNER SCOOPING AND CRADLING
 
Goal-
To develop scooping skills
 
Description-
Players line up in pairs 10 yards apart facing each other.  One player has the ball at his feet.  On the coach’s command, he scoops up the ball, cradles the ball, and passes it to his partner.  Be sure the scooper bends his knees and scoops through the ball.  The scooper must yell, “ball” and “release” and the receiver yells “help” or “here’s your help.”  After scooping the ball, the ball carrier runs several steps while cradling the ball ( the scooper should have a tight cradle protecting the ball) and passes to his partner.  (See the “Man, Ball, Release, Help” section for an explanation of groundball commands)
 
Variations-
a) Kicking and Hitting Ball With the Stick Variation
Same as above but the player with the ball will start by kicking the ball at his feet away from him and then scooping the ball.  The purpose of this is to teach the concept that a player can gain scooping space by kicking the ball away.  Another way to gain space is to hit the ball away with the stick and then scoop.
 
b)Players scoop with their non-dominant hand.
 
 
CLOCKWORK GROUNDBALLS
 
Goal-
To develop skills in scooping balls at different angles and skills in eluding a defender after scooping.
 
Description
Players stand in a line with their sticks in their right hands.  The coach stands next to them (this is the 12 O’clock position).  The coach rolls out a ball (this will be straight ahead).  One player runs out and scoops up the ball and runs in a wide turn (to simulate getting away from a defender).  He throws the ball back to the coach while running. Each player gets a turn. The coach next moves to the 3 O’clock position and rolls out a ball straight across from him (this will be to the player’s right).  The players follow the same sequence.  The coach then moves to 6 O’clock and rolls the ball straight at the players.  Finally, the coach goes to 9 O’clock and follows the same sequence.
 
GROUND BALL RELAY RACE
 
See the Conditioning section for a description.
 
END LINE GROUND BALLS
 
Goal-
To have players practice scooping ground balls on the move.
 
Description-
Players line up side by side along the end line.  Place as many players along the line as fit comfortably.  Have a second group line up side by side a few feet behind the first group.  Each player has a ball.  The first group starts first.   Each player rolls out a ground ball a few feet in front of himself.  He then runs out and scoops up the ground ball.  He then rolls out the ball again and scoops it up.  The player continues this way down the field to the other end line.  After the first group has gone out a little the second group will start.  Once all the players have reached the opposite end line they will come back in the other direction to the original starting spot.  Make sure you instruct players to use proper scooping technique.
 
Variation-
Scoop with the non-dominant hand.
 
1 V 0 GROUND BALLS
 
Goal- To have players practice scooping while on the run with both their dominant and non-dominant hands.
 
Description-
A coach stands with a ball in his stick.   Two lines are formed, one to his right and one to his left.  The coach rolls out a ground ball for the first player in the line to his left.  This player runs out and scoops the ball with his right hand and rolls to the outside (to his left)(this simulates running away from pressure).  As the player scoops the ball he brings his stick to his chest to protect the ball.  The player then passes the ball to the coach.  The player gets in the opposite line.  The coach then rolls out a ball to the first player in the line to his right.  The player runs out and scoops the ball with his left hand and rolls to his right. As the player scoops the ball he brings his stick to his chest to protect the ball.  The player then passes the ball to the coach and gets in the opposite line.  The next player goes and so on.
 
Note-
Tell the players that this is good practice for players to get used to the concept of using their bodies to shield the ball from an opponent.  In a game situation players will have to decide which hand to scoop the ball with so that their back (body) is in between the defender and the ball as they scoop the ball.  A player does not want to scoop a ball with their stick and ball exposed to the defender.
 
 
2 V 0 GROUND BALLS
 
Goal- To have players practice scooping while on the run with both their dominant and non-dominant hands.  To have players find the open man after scooping.  To have players practice man-ball in a non-pressure situation.
 
Description-
A coach stands with a ball in his stick.   Two lines are formed, one to his right and one to his left.  The coach rolls out a ground ball for the first player in the line to his left.  This player runs out and scoops the ball with his right hand and rolls to the outside (to his left)(this simulates running away from pressure). He yells “ball” as he goes for the ball. As the player scoops the ball he brings his stick to his chest to protect the ball. The player in the line to the coaches’ right runs out at the same time.  He simulates the player taking the man( except he is not taking a man).  He yells “man” as he runs out. The player that scooped the ball then passes the ball to other player who passes the ball back to the coach.  The players get in the opposite lines.  The coach then rolls out a ball to the first player in the line to his right.  The player runs out and scoops the ball with his left hand and rolls to his right. He yells “ball” as he goes for the ball.  As the player scoops the ball he brings his stick to his chest to protect the ball. A player in the line to the coaches’ left runs out at the same time. He yells “man” as he runs out. The player with the ball then passes the ball to the other player who passes the ball to the coach. They get in the opposite lines.  The next player goes and so on.
 
Note-
Tell the players that this is good practice for players to get used to the concept of using their bodies to shield the ball from an opponent.  In a game situation players will have to decide which hand to scoop the ball with so that their back (body) is in between the defender and the ball as they scoop the ball.  A player does not want to scoop a ball with their stick and ball exposed to the defender.
 
GROUND BALL PASSES
 
Goal-
To have players practice ground balls while running.
 
Description-
Players form two lines next to each other.  One player from one line starts with the ball.  Players run up the field rolling ground balls back and forth.  After one pair is part way up the field the next pair can go.  Once all players are at the far end they can come back.
 
THREE MAN GROUND BALL PASSES WITH WEAVE
 
Goal-
To have players practice scooping ground balls on the run.  To have players practice using their left and right hands with ground balls.
 
Description-
Players form three lines on an end line facing the opposite end of the field.  One line stands directly in the center of the end line with the other two lines about ten to fifteen yards to the left and to the right (the sides of the restraining box).  Players are instructed to keep their sticks upfield and maintain the spread distance.  The rightmost line players have their sticks in their right hands, the leftmost line players have their sticks in their left hands.  The players will roll ground balls  and weave as they run down the field.  The center player starts with the ball and begins to run straight downfield.  He motions a pass to the line on the right.  At this point, the player on the right breaks diagonally toward the center of the field, staying ahead of the player in the middle line.  The middle player rolls a ground ball to the player from the line on the right, and then breaks to the right side of the field, taking that player’s place.  Now, the rightmost player has become the middle line player and  motions a ground ball to the leftmost line.  The player in the leftmost line breaks diagonally toward the center of the field, staying ahead of the middle line player.  The middle line player rolls a ground ball to the player from the leftmost line and then breaks to the left side of the field, taking that player’s place.  This weave continues until the three players reach the opposite end line.  
 
 
TWO-MAN GROUND BALL WAR
 
Goal-
To have players learn to use their bodies to shield the ball while scooping a ground ball.
 
Description-
Players pair up and stand back-to-back with the ball between their feet.  When the whistle blows, players push back using their legs until one player is able to pick up the ground ball.
 
 
1 V 1 SCOOPING WITH OUTLET
 
Goal
To develop scooping and passing skills under pressure.
 
Description
Three lines of players stand five yards apart.  One line is the outlet “help” line, and the other two lines compete for possession of the loose ball.  Stand in between the two lines and roll out a ground ball.  The player that scoops the ball passes to the outlet, while the opponent plays defense.  Each player goes to the end of his line.
         Instruct players to scoop through the ball and run away from pressure.  Players should scoop with either their right hand or left hand depending on which angle their opponent is coming from. Instruct players that if the opponent is coming from the player’s right side, the player should scoop with his right hand (this way the player’s body will protect the stick). If the opponent is coming from the player’s left side, the player should scoop with his left hand.  They should protect their stick after scooping the ball by bringing their stick head up to their chest or ear.  They should roll out away from the defender in a semi-circle pattern.  Players will switch lines after going.
 
Variation-
Eliminate the outlet and have just two lines of players.  Coach rolls out a ball and the first player in each line competes for the ball.  The player who gets the ball passes the ball back to the coach.
 
1 V 1  WITH SLIGHT PRESSURE
 
Goal-
To have players practice scooping a ground ball with some slight pressure.
 
Description-
Form two lines of players with the coach in between the lines.  The coach rolls out a ball.  The first player in one line runs out and scoops up the ball.  The first player in the second line runs out behind the scooper and uses his stick to poke the back hand of the scooper.  The scooper rolls the ball back to the coach.  The players switch lines.  Remind players that they are not competing for possession of the ball.  The intent of the drill is to let one player scoop the ball while facing some pressure.  Remind the scooper of proper ground ball technique and to bring the ball to his face when scooping it.
 
Variation-
Scoop lefty.
 
STEAL THE BACON
 
Goal-
To develop scooping and passing skills under pressure.
 
Description-
Players line up in four lines.  Each line is given a number (or a name).    The coach rolls out a ball and calls out some numbers (for example, one and three).  The players with that number run out and compete for the ground ball.  The player who gets it brings the ball closer to the coach and passes him the ball. The player who doesn’t get the ball plays defense.  A new set of numbers is then called out.  A coach can call out two numbers to set up a one on one situation or four numbers to create a two on two situation.  If a two on two is created the players with the ball will want to pass the ball to get it closer to the coach.  Coaches can run the same drill at different spots on the field to make the lines shorter.
 
 
TAKING THE MAN DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players learn that one player can block a “man” on a ground ball while the other scoops the ball
 
Description-
This is a structured “man ball drill”.  Players will work in threes.  Two players will stand next to each other and a third player will be a few feet away.  The third player should stand a yard in back of the pair (to insure that he will not be first to the ball).  The pair will work together to block the solo player and scoop the ball.  The coach will roll out a ball out about 10 feet.  One player in the pair will be designated as the player to block the solo player.  The other player in the pair will be the scooper.  When the coach gives the signal the blocker and the solo player run for the ball and the blocker yells “man”.   The scooper will leave about a second later and yells “ball.” The blocker blocks the solo player and the scooper scoops the ball.  Rotate positions.
 
Note- Emphasize that the lead player of the pair will block the man and not go for the ball.  This makes it easier for the second player to scoop the ball.  (This may go against their instincts.)  Also point out that players need to be within 5 yards of the ball to block the other player to avoid an interference call.
 
 
2 V 1 GROUND BALL (MAN-BALL DRILL)
 
Goal-
To develop skill and teamwork on ground balls
 
Description-
Three lines of players stand five yards apart.  Roll out a ball between the middle player and either of the end lines.  The players in two of the lines are teammates, and the players in the third line are their opponents.  The players in the teammates’ line work together against a single opponent to win a ground ball.  The player closest to the ball goes to scoop the ground ball, and the other player goes between the ball and the opponent’s body to body check him from the front or side and above the knees.  Make sure the teammates communicate clearly and correctly (See ground ball command section)
 
Note- An alternative strategy is for the player (in the pair working together) who is closest to the ball to take the man and not the ball.  This will make it easier for his partner to scoop the ball without pressure.
 
GROUND BALL TRIANGLE DRILL
 
Goal-To have players scooping ground balls and rolling away from pressure
 
Description-
This is an advanced ground ball drill.  Initially use 3 cones to form a triangle.  There should be 15 to 20 yards between the points.  Have players line up at the cones.  Have about 3-4 players in each line.  Have one player start with a ball (player 1).  He will be rolling a ground ball with his left hand to a player in the line to his left (player 2).  Player 2 will run toward player 1 and scoop the ball with his right hand.  He will then roll to his right and switch his stick from his right hand to his left.  He will then roll the ball to the first player in line 3.  Player 2 will go to the back of his line.  The drill will continue in this clockwise fashion.
 
 
Variation-
Go in a counterclockwise direction.  Have the first player roll out the ball with his right hand and have player 2 scoop it with his left hand and roll to his left.  He will then switch the stick to his right hand and roll a ground ball.
 
 
 
DEFENSIVE DRILLS
 
ZIG ZAG  DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players practice defensive footwork
 
Description-
A zig zag pattern is set up with about 6 cones.  Cones are about 10 feet apart.  Players form a line at the starting location.  The first player turns to face the line and gets into a defensive stance.  He drop steps with his left foot and shuffles to his left from the starting spot to the first cone.  He then performs a drop step with his right foot and shuffles to his right to the next cone. He then goes to his left and so on. When he finishes he gets back in line. The next player in line then goes.
 
Note- Point out that this drill will help a player to be able to stay between his opponent and the goal, one of the fundamental concepts of defense.  A defender should shuffle when his opponent is moving at a slower pace.
 
Running Variation-
The same format as shuffling except the defender runs between the cones and does a drop step to change direction.  The defender should turn his upper body to face his opponent as he runs.  A defender should run on defense when his opponent is running.
 
Adding in an Offensive Opponent Variation-
The same drill can be done with the added element of a player on offense running slowly (the defender would shuffle) between the cones, or running quickly (the defender would run) between the cones. 
 
Variation-
Shuffle in a straight line with stick locked behind back by player’s arms.
 
NO STICK ONE ON ONE
 
Goal-
To have a defender practice his stance and footwork.
 
Description-
Two lines of players are formed; players on offense near the restraining line and defenders at GLE to one side of the goal. A line of cones about 15 yards is created extending out from the goal.  The players have to stay within the cones. The defenders have no stick.  The first two players from each line step out.  The offensive player has the ball. The defender will get into the defensive stance and guard the ball carrier.  On the coach’s command the offensive player will try to go to goal and the defender will use his footwork to stay with the offensive player.  The drill ends after the offensive player takes a shot or loses the ball.  Players switch lines.  As an alternative have the defender lock the stick behind his back instead of going without the stick.
 
 
POKE CHECK DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players practice the poke check while moving.
 
Description-
Players form two lines about five yards apart.  The first two players in the line face each other and get into a defensive stance.  On the coach’s command the players shuffle down an imaginary line poke checking into the air as they go.  Once they reach the end point they shuffle back.  The next 2 players etc. in line then do the same.
 
Variation- (Running hip to hip)
Players perform the same drill except they run hip to hip as opposed to shuffling.
 
Variation- (Alternating shuffling and running hip to hip)
Same as above but after starting out shuffling the coach will blow a whistle and the players will run back hip to hip.  Another whistle they will shuffle back in the original direction and so on.
 
 
POKE THE STICK
 
Goal-
To have the players practice the poke check and footwork.
 
Description-
This is another poke check drill.  Create groups of 5-7 players.  Have the players line up side by side with an arms length to each side in between the players.  The players will all be facing the same direction.  Have each player (except the first in line) hold his left arm out with his stick in that hand.  The player will hold his stick just below the head so that the shaft hangs down. The first player in line will turn and face the others.  He will shuffle his feet side to side working his way down the line.  When he comes to the shaft of a stick he will poke check it.  When the player gets to the end of the line he will join the line.  The second player in line will then go, and so on.  When the players get to the end of the field, they will come back in the opposite direction. Allow enough field space next to the players so that the line can move down the field and all players get a chance to poke check.  This drill works best if the players go the length of the field as opposed to the width of the field.  Remind players of proper poke checking technique.
 
Note-
Instruct players they are to only poke the stick and not a player.
 
NARROWING THE CHANNEL
 
Goal-
To have defenders practice forcing an opponent to their weak side or to the outside.
 
Description-
Two cones are set up about six feet apart.  A line of players faces the cones.  One player comes from the line and stands between the cones.  He will play defense.  Another player with a ball comes from the line and tries to dodge the defender. The player with the ball must try to go between the cones.  The defender uses his body and stick to force the offensive player to the outside of the cones.  Once the offensive player is forced to the outside the defender will let him go. The offensive player now goes on defense and the defender goes to the line with the players on offense.
 
Note- The weak side is a player’s non-dominant hand.  Defenders are practicing channeling an opponent away from the goal area.
 
ON BALL DEFENSE FROM UP TOP
 
Goal-
To have a defender practice channeling an opponent away from the goal when the offensive player is up top in front of the goal.
 
Description-
Two lines of players are formed; players on offense near the restraining line (to the left of the goal as they face it) and defenders at GLE to one side of the goal.  The first two players from each line step out.  The offensive player has the ball and will have it in a lefty cradle. The defender (with his stick in his right hand) will get into the defensive stance and guard the ball carrier.  On the coach’s command the offensive player will try to go to goal and the defender will use a fist hold and channel the  player to the outside and away from the goal.  If the player cuts back to the inside the defender will use a forearm hold (V hold) to channel him back in the other direction.  Review the fist hold before starting the drill.  Have players switch lines after going.  Then shift the lines over and have the offensive players start with the stick in their right hands.  The defender will use a forearm hold to stop the offensive players.  Remind the players that they should try and recover and square up and face the offensive player after applying a hold (push offensive player and recover).
 
Note- Remind the players that this technique is used to keep an offensive player out of the prime scoring area, the hole, which is directly in front of the net.  When an offensive player is not in this area a defender will want to leave more of a cushion on the offensive player so that he is not beaten by a burst of speed.
 
Note- Review holds technique with the players.
 
ON BALL DEFENSE FROM BEHIND THE GOAL
 
Goal-
To have a defender practice channeling an opponent away from the goal when the offensive player is behind the goal.
 
Description-
Two lines of players are formed; players on offense near X and defenders at GLE to one side of the goal.  The first two players from each line step out.  The offensive player has the ball and will have it in a lefty cradle. The offensive player will attack the goal from the left side of the goal (looking at the back of the goal). The defender will get into the defensive stance and guard the ball carrier.  On the coach’s command the offensive player will try to go to goal and the defender (with his stick in his right hand) will use a fist hold and channel the  player to the outside and away from the goal.  If the player cuts back to the inside the defender will use a forearm hold (V hold) to channel him back in the other direction.  Review the fist hold before starting the drill.  Have players switch lines after going.  Then shift the lines over and have the offensive players start with the stick in their right hands. The offensive player will attack the goal from the right side of the goal (looking at the back of the goal). The defender will use a forearm hold  (V hold) to stop the offensive players.   Remind the players that they should try and recover and square up and face the offensive player after applying a hold (push offensive player and recover).
 
Note- Remind the players that this technique is used to keep an offensive player out of the prime scoring area, the hole, which is directly in front of the net.  When an offensive player is not in this area a defender will want to leave more of a cushion on the offensive player so that he is not beaten by a burst of speed.
 
Note- Review holds technique with the players.
 
 
DEFENSIVE SLIDE DRILL
Goal-
To have defenders learn how to slide to a player on offense who has beaten another defender
 
Description-
Set up 4 offensive players in a square in the goal area.  Two will be up top about 5 yards in from the restraining line and 2 will be behind the goal. Assign each offensive player a color.  Assign a defender to cover each of the offensive players.  The defenders will be pinching in unless the player they are covering has the ball.  Remind the defenders to not go beyond GLE unless the player they are covering has the ball.  Have the players pass the ball around.  The coach will then yell out a color.  At that point the defender covering the player of that color will drop to the ground in a push up position. (This will give the offensive player time to get around the defender).  The offensive player of that color will run past the defender and go towards the goal. The defender who is adjacent to the ball carrier will need to slide to pick up the player with the ball.  The defender who was beaten will get up and run to the open man.  Continue in this fashion until all players get a chance to slide.  Switch the offensive players to defense.
 
Note-
Explain the concept of sliding (backing up).  Explain defensive
communication.
 
LIFT CHECK/SLAP CHECK/ONE-HANDED WRAP CHECK DRILL
 
Goal-
To have defenders learn how do the lift check, slap check, and the one-handed wrap check
 
Description-
Demonstrate the Lift Check, slap check and one-handed wrap check.  Have players pair off and practice the checks on each other. 
 
FEEDING AND SHOOTING
 
T BALL
 
Goal-
To have players practice shooting.
 
Description-
The coach will have a bucket of balls around ten yards in front of the net.  Players will form a line facing the net a few feet from the coach.  The coach will underhand toss a ball into the air and the first player in line will catch it.  The player will then shoot on goal.  The player will take a few shots and then go to the back of the line.
 
Note-
-As the players do the drill remind them of proper shooting technique.
-To maximize the number of players shooting use as many goals as possible
 
Variation-
The coach can pass the ball with a stick.
 
 
FEED AND SHOOT
 
Goal-
To have players practice shooting while on the run and to have players practice feeding.
 
Description-
Form two lines of players.  The first is by the restraining line  and facing the goal.  They are a little to the left of the goal (as they are facing it).  The second group is diagonally across from the first group down near the goal (about 5 yards from the goal).  The group by the goal starts with the ball.   The first person in the line by the restraining line runs on a diagonal toward the person with the ball.  The player feeds the ball to the receiver and the receiver takes a shot on goal while still running.  Players switch lines.
 
Notes-
Tell the receiver to have his stick up and out ready to receive a pass.  After he gets the ball he brings his stick back into the shooting position.  Review proper shooting mechanics before starting the drill and watch for errors.
 
Review proper feeding techniques with the feeders.
 
Variation-
Have feeders pass to players opposite them as opposed to on the diagonal.
 
Variation-
Have the feeder “pop out” before making the pass.  This means the feeder will get a few yards of separation from a feeder before passing the ball.  Place one player or coach in a position to defend the feed.
 
SHOOT OUT
 
Goal-
To have players practice shooting in a competitive setting.
 
Description-
Have one player play goalie.  Other players form a line.  Create a line the players have to be behind to shoot.  Each player will take a shot on goal.  If a player makes the shot, he moves on to the next round.  Players keep shooting until there is a winner.  Have players who miss go to the other end and shoot to keep them active.
 
 
CATCH AND RELEASE SHOOTING
 
Goal-
To have players practice shooting by catching and releasing the ball in one motion.  
 
Description-
The intent of the drill is to have players refine their shooting motion.  Form one line of players a few yards in from the restraining line.  The line will be to the right of the goal as the players face the goal.  Have one coach (or player) on GLE facing the line and a second coach on GLE but on the other side of the goal.  Each coach will have a quantity of balls. Place a cone on the shooting spot. Have the players start with their sticks in their right hands.  The first player in the line will be stationary and get a pass from the coach.   Before receiving the pass the player should position his body so that his shoulders are facing the sidelines.  His stick should be out in front in the catching position.  When the ball comes the player will absorb the ball and shoot, all in one continuous motion (quick stick motion).  Remind the player not to swipe at the ball when it is in front of him.   He will then run to his left and switch his stick to his left hand.  He will catch a ball from the coach to the left of the goal and take a shot lefty.  The player will follow the same technique as described for righty.  The player will then run back to the line.  Have the next player in line go, and so on. To get more repetitions for the players, run the drill at both ends of the field.
 
Variation-
a) Run the drill in the opposite direction
b)Run the drill only righty
 
SPLIT DODGE SHOOTING
 
Goal-
To have players practice receiving a pass and immediately getting into the shooting position by split dodging.
 
Description-
This is a more advanced shooting concept.  Have a line form 15-20 yards above the goal line and 5-10 yards to the right side of the goal (as you face out).  Have a coach or other player stand 5-10 yards from the line and act as a feeder.  Players in line have their sticks in their right hand.  The first player in line runs a few steps towards the feeder and catches the ball.  He immediately  does a split dodge (his stick is in his left hand now) and runs a few steps towards the goal.  The player then shoots.  Tell the players to run at the goal so they maintain a good shooting angle and not towards the sidelines.  Remind players that in order to get good power on the shot they should get into a good shooting position by squaring their shoulders to the sideline (have shoulders face the sideline).  If the coach is in the middle of the field he should see the numbers on the back of their jerseys as they shoot.  Have the shooter then go to the back of the line.
 
Variation-
Place the line of players 5-10 yards from the left side of the goal (as you face out).  Sticks will be in their left hands starting out.  Run the same progression.
 
Notes-
Remind players that they are most open when they first touch the ball.  The goal is to get to a good shooting spot before the defender can react.  By doing the split dodge they want to have the defender react to where the player was and not to where the player is going.
 
PUMP FAKE SHOOTING DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players practice faking a shot on goal and shooting.
 
Description-
This is a more advanced shooting concept.  Have a line form 15-20 yards above the goal line and 5-10 yards to the right side of the goal (as you face out).  Have a coach or other player stand 5-10 yards to the left of the  line (facing out from the goal) and act as a feeder (the feeder will be near the middle of the field).  Players in line have their sticks in their right hand.  The first player in line runs a few steps towards the feeder (towards the center of the field) and catches the ball. He takes a few steps towards the goal and fakes a shot.  He does this by getting his stick in the shooting position and stepping with his front foot.  As he steps with his front foot he twists his body as if he is shooting.  (See the Pump Fake Dodge explanation). The player then takes a few steps sweeping across the field and shoots.  This drill does not need to have a defender in it but the player should imagine he is faking a defender.  Remind the player that he is attempting to freeze the defender by faking a shot and then getting a few steps on him.  Remind the player that his movements should be fluid.    Remind players that in order to get good power on the shot they should get into a good shooting position by squaring their shoulders to the sideline (have shoulders face the sideline).  If the coach is in the middle of the field he should see the numbers on the back of their jerseys as they shoot.  Have the shooter then go to the back of the line.
 
Variation-
Place the line of players 5-10 yards from the left side of the goal (as you face out).  Sticks will be in their left.  Run the same progression.
 
OFF- BALL PLAY
 
SETTING AN ON- BALL PICK
 
Goal-
To have players learn how to set a pick so that a teammate with the ball can move away from a defender.
 
Description-
This drill involves 3 players at a time.  Player 1 will start with the ball. A defender (player 2) will be covering him.  Player 3 will be off to the right about 5 yards from players 1 and 2.  At a command player 3 will go and set a pick on the defender (player 2) for player 1. Player 1 will run and take a shot on goal.  Have a new group then run the drill.  If you are doing the drill with a large group have the players get in lines in the appropriate spots and after one group of 3 goes the next players in line can run the drill.  Have them switch spots so that each player will get a chance at each of the 3 positions.
 
Variation-
Add in a roll to create a Pick and Roll.  After player 3 sets the pick for player 1, player 3 will roll (turn and run to receive a return pass) from player 1.  Player 3 can take a shot on goal.
 
Notes-
Instruct players how to set a proper pick.
 
 
SETTING AN OFF- BALL PICK (PASS AND PICK AWAY)
 
Goal-
To have players learn how to set a pick so that a teammate can be freed up to receive a pass.
 
Description-
This drill involves 4 players.   Player 1 (M1) will be on the restraining line to the left of the goal (as you are facing the goal) and will start with the ball.  Player 2 (M2) will be in the center of the field about 7 yards up from player 1.  Player 3 (M3) will be on the restraining line off to the right of player 1 and player 2.  Player 4 defends player 2.  Player 1 will start with the ball and pass the ball to player 3.  After player 1 passes the ball to player 3, player 1 will run and set a pick on player 4, who is guarding player 2.   Player 2 will run off the pick and go towards player 3 and receive a pass from player 3.  Player 2 can take a shot on goal.  Have a new group of players then run the drill. If you are doing the drill with a large group have the players get in lines in the appropriate spots and after one group of 4 goes the next players in line can run the drill. Have them switch spots so that each player will get a chance at each of the 4 positions.  Explain to the players that this drill simulates Play # 2 (pass and pick away, also known as PAPA).
 
Notes-
Instruct players how to set a proper pick.  Instruct players that in a pass and pick away situation they are passing in one direction and moving away from the ball (in the opposite direction) to set the pick for a teammate.
 
Variations-
A pass and pick away can be run from multiple places on the field.  For example, have player 1 pass the ball to a player down on the GLE.  Player 1 will then run and set a pick for player 3.  Player 3 will run in and get a pass from the player on GLE.
 
 
V CUT DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players learn to make a V cut
 
Description-
Set up two lines of players.  One line will be defense and will have their backs to the goal.  The other line will be the v cut line and will be facing the first line.  There will be about ten yards between the lines. Have the first player in the defensive line step out.  Give the v cut line the balls.  Have the first player in the v cut line run at the defender and perform a v cut to the v cutters right.  Players will switch lines after going.  Have the next player go etc.  The next time the v cutters go they can v cut to their left.
 
 
GIVE AND GO (WITH A V CUT)
 
Goal-
To have players learn the give and go with a V cut.
 
Description-
Have 2 players stand about 10 yards apart.  Player 1 will be on the restraining line facing the goal.  He will be in an area to the right of the goal. Player 2 will be off to the right of player 1.  Player 1 will start with the ball and pass the ball to player 2 (give).  Player 1 will then run  (go) toward a coach (or designated player) who is standing stationary in the field.  The coach will be in between player 1 and the goal about 5 yards from player 1.  Player 1 will make like he is cutting to the inside by running at the defender (coach) and then he will V cut back toward player 2 (who has the ball) and receive a pass.  He can then run toward the goal and take a shot.
 
Notes-
Have players line up behind players 1 and 2 and have the next players go after the players in front of them once they complete the give and go.  After players are done they get back in line.
 
Variation-
Have players do a v cut by cutting toward the sideline and then to the
inside.
 
GIVE AND GO (WITH A BACKSIDE CUT (BACKDOOR CUT)) DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players learn the give and go with a Backside Cut.
 
Description-
Create 2 lines of players.  The first line will be behind the Goal Line Extended (GLE) a little to the right of the goal (as you face the goal).  The second line will be in the corner just above GLE (as you face the goal).  Position a coach (or player) in between the two on the GLE to act as a defenseman.  Give a ball to each player in the corner line.  The first player in the corner line will start by passing the ball to the player behind the GLE (give).  The corner player will then run (go) behind the defender (backdoor cut) and get a return pass from the player behind GLE.  He will then take a shot on goal.  Players will then switch lines.  The next players in line will then go.  Remind players to cut behind the defender.   Instruct players to time their cut so that they cut when the defender turns to look at the player receiving the pass.
 
Note-
This is play is GAZELLE.
 
 
GIVE AND GO (WITH A BACKSIDE CUT (BACKDOOR CUT)) DRILL ALTERNATIVE
 
Goal-
To have players learn the give and go with a Backside Cut.
 
Description-
Have 2 players stand about 10 yards apart.  Player 1 will be on the restraining line facing the goal.  He will be in an area to the right of the goal (as you face the goal). Player 2 will be off to the right of player 1.  Player 1 will start with the ball and pass the ball to player 2 (give).  Player 1 will then run  (go) toward a coach (or designated player) who is standing stationary in the field.  The coach will be in between player 1 and the goal about 5 yards from player 1.  Player 1 will cut behind the coach (backdoor cut) and receive a pass from player 2 (who has the ball) .  He can then run toward the goal and take a shot.
 
Note-
Have players line up behind players 1 and 2 and have the next players go after the players in front of them complete the give and go.  After players are done they get back in line.  Instruct players to time their cut so that they cut when the defender turns to look at the player receiving the pass.
 
Variation-
Have players do a Front Side Cut.
 
Variation-
Place a player on the GLE and a group on the restraining line. The player on the GLE will start with the ball.  Follow the same sequence as above.  A coach will be about 10 yards from the player and the player on the restraining line will cut behind him.  You can also run this drill with the player on the restraining line starting with the ball and receiving the return pass.
 
MIDFIELD SWEEP DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players practice the concept of clearing space for a teammate who moves into a player’s area.
 
Description-
Set up two separate groups of players about ten yards apart on the restraining line.  They will face each other.  The group on the right (as you face the goal) will start with the ball (player 1).  The first player in line will pass the ball to the first player in the opposite line.  The player who catches the ball (player 2) will run towards the thrower (sweep) and then curl toward the goal and take a shot.  At the same time as player 2 sweeps across the field, player 1 will run in the direction that player 2 came from (clearing out for player 2).  He can simulate stopping and setting a pick.  Players will switch lines.  The next players in line will go.
 
MOTION CLEAR OUT DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players practice the concept of moving to open space on a field and the concept of clearing out space for a teammate.
 
Description-
Four players will practice this technique at a time.  Have 3 players on offense set up a triangle.  One player will be behind the goal and the other 2 will be on the goal line extended (one on each side of the cage).  The defender will be on the crease.   The player behind the goal will have the ball and he will drive out to his left.  The attackman on the driving side cuts backdoor (behind the defender) to the crease.  The attacker on the opposite side of which the attackman behind drives, cuts behind the cage to fill open space.  After one group of 4 players goes have a new four come in.  Run the drill at both ends of the field.  Then change the drill to have the player behind the goal run out to his  right.
Diagram:
 
 
 
 
                                                   A2
                                                             -
                                                               -
                                                                 -
                                                                  
 
 
                                                    -----
                                                     Goal
           ^
         -                                           Defender                            
      -                       
    -
A1                                                                                         ß---- A3    
 
 
 
 
 
FACE-OFFS
 
 
FACE OFF
 
Goal-
To have players practice the face off.
 
Description-
Players pair up and each pair has a ball.  They get into the face off position.  On the coach’s signal they try to win the face off.  Repeat.  Have players use the clamp, rake, and jump.
 
FACE OFF ROUND ROBIN TOURNAMENT
 
Goal-
To have players practice face off skills.
 
Description-
Pairs of players contest a face off at the same time.  The winners move on to play other winners until there is a champion.  Create a losers bracket to keep all kids involved.

 SECTION 3 – LINE DRILLS
 
RIGHT-ON-RIGHT- PASSING AND CATCHING
 
Goal-
To develop passing and catching skills while moving
 
Description-
Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Start the drill with all players holding their sticks in their right hand.  The first player in line carries a ball a few steps and throws it with his right hand to the first player in the other line, who is moving toward him.  The thrower follows the pass, and then goes to the end of the opposite line. 
         The receiver and passer move toward each other, and the receiver calls “help” or “here’s your help.”  The passer throws the ball overhand to the ready position of the receiver. 
 
Variations-
a)Players catch with right hand and throw with the left.
b)Left-On-Left passing and catching. Players throw and catch with their left hand.
 
GROUND BALLS TO
 
Goal-
To develop ground ball skills while moving
 
Description-
Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Start the drill with all players holding their sticks in their right hand.  A player from one of the lines runs toward the opposing line.  When he gets halfway to the opposing line he rolls the ball to the next player in line.  Receivers should practice keeping their bodies in front of the ball to block a bad hop, and lowering the butt end of their sticks for the scoop. The receiver scoops up the ball and runs to the opposite line and does the same.
 
 
GROUND BALLS AWAY
 
Goal-
To develop ground ball skills while moving
 
Description-
Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Start the drill with all players holding their sticks in their right hand.  A player from one of the lines runs toward the opposing line.  When he gets near the opposing line he rolls the ball away from the next player in line (back toward the line he came from).  The next player in line runs out and scoops up the ball and runs to the opposite line and does the same.
 
Variation-
When the player with the ball approaches the opposite line he throws the ball to the first player in line (instead of rolling the ball himself).  The player who caught the ball rolls the ball out for the second player in line, who runs out and scoops it up.
 
OVER THE SHOULDER
 
Goal-
To practice throwing and catching over the shoulder.
 
Description-
Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Start the drill with all players holding their sticks in their right hand.   Player 2 in line 1 begins with the ball and moves to his right.  When he yells “break” player one in his line breaks with the stick in the right-handed, over-the-shoulder position.  As player one receives the ball, he looks to line 2. Player 2 in line 2 calls “help” and receives the pass.  Player 2 in line 2 now moves laterally to his right and yells “break” as player 1 in line 2 breaks with the stick in the right-handed, over-the-shoulder position.  After passing, each player goes to the end of the opposite line.
         To receive a pass, players should keep their stick at helmet level.  The receiver should look over his shoulder and follow the ball with his eyes into the pocket of the stick.
 
SPLIT DODGE PASSING AND CATCHING
 
Goal-
To develop split dodging skills as well as throwing and catching while moving.
 
Description-         Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Start the drill with all players holding their sticks in their right hand.  A player from one of the lines runs toward the opposing line and executes a split dodge about half way across.  The stick should now be in the player’s left hand. The player continues to run and then passes to the next player in line, who is moving towards him.  The player then goes to the end of the line.
        
Note-  
For the split dodge the player starts by stepping to the right and bending his knee.  At the same time he should turn his shoulders to the right to protect the ball.  The player then steps to the left with the left foot and at the same time brings the stick across the front of the body, switching the stick from the right hand to the left. He then turns his shoulders to the left to protect the ball.
 
DUMMY DODGING
 
Goal-
To develop dodging skills
 
Description-
Two lines of three to four players stand 20 yards apart facing each other.  Players hold their sticks in their right hand. Start the drill with a player from one line running toward the other line and passing the ball when he is one-half way across.  The Player who passed stops mid-way between the two lines and takes on the role of a defender.    The receiver of the ball in the other line catches the ball and runs at the player who is acting as a defender. He dodges the defender, passes the ball to the next player in line and stops.  He is now the defender.  The defender should hold his stick out but only play passive defense. The drill continues on in this fashion.
 
 
SECTION 4- TEAM SKILLS
 
TRANSITION OFFENSE AND DEFENSE
 
2 ON 1
 
Goal-
To have both offensive and defensive players understand where to play in a situation where the offense has an extra player(s).  To have both offensive and defensive players understand what to do on a fast break (numbers situation))
 
Description-
Form 3 lines facing a goal.  The middle line will play defense.  The defender starts by facing the two on offense and taking a few steps back.  One player on offense starts with the ball and runs towards the goal.  If the defender comes to him, he will pass the ball to the other person on offense who will be open for a pass.  That person will attempt a shot on goal.  If the defender does not commit to the player with the ball, that player will take the ball to the net and shoot.  The coach should explain the theory behind a numbers situation for both offense and defense sometime during the drill.
 
Notes-
General strategy on offense when attacking in a situation with more on offense than defense (This is called a “numbers” situation and frequently occurs on a fast break)
 
a) When the offensive player has a numerical advantage over an opponent during a fast break, the offensive ball carrier should move the ball down the field towards the goal until he is stopped by the defender (the ball carrier should continue towards the goal to shoot if he is not picked up by the defense).
b) Once the ball carrier is stopped he should look to pass to an open teammate.
c) Maintaining space.  Offensive players should maintain enough space between each other so that one defender may not cover two offensive players at once.
d) In order to help the ball carrier who may receive defensive pressure, offensive players without the ball should free themselves from the defender.
e) Offensive players must look up as they run down the field and pass the ball to any teammate who is open and in front of them in such a way as to enhance their numerical advantage.  Passes should be quick and accurate. A passed ball moves faster than being run on the ground and can speed up the transition and numerical advantage quickly and efficiently.
 
General strategy on defense.
 
a) If the offensive team is on a fast break, a defender’s objective is to stall for time (thereby slowing the break down) and try to cover one or multiple offensive players while his teammates recover to help him.  The first rule is to get back to the hole (the area in front of the goal; similar to the basketball concept of getting back in the paint).
 
b) The defender guarding the ball carrier should maintain proper defensive position- he should stand with his back to the goal and with an “open” stance, i.e., he should have one foot pointing to the player with the ball and the other foot pointing to the player without the ball.  This creates a triangle with the defender – ball - other offensive player.
 
c) Defenders should have quick footwork so that they may force the offense to make several passes, allowing time for teammates to recover and help play defense.
 
d) If necessary, defenders should give up an outside shot or a shot from a poor angle, instead of a close, in-tight shot on goal.
 
E) If attacking players should achieve a numerical advantage close to the goal, it is the defense’s primary task to protect the goal by forming a tight triangle in front of the crease and forcing the offense to pass the ball or take poor shots.  After other defenders recover, the defense may assume the proper settled defensive positioning.
 
f) Players trailing the fast break should run back to the hole rather than directly to the ball carrier on the fast break.  Once in the hole, they should pick up the open player who is most dangerous. 
 
3 ON 2
 
Goal-
To have the offense practice moving to open space and finding the open man.  To have defenders practice positioning when a man down.
 
Description-
Form 2 lines facing a goal. Offense is in one line and defense in the other.  Two defenders come out and get in an I formation facing the offensive players.  Three offensive players come out and spread out side by side.  One offensive player will have the ball.  At the coach’s command the offensive players move down the field and attempt to score a goal.  The objective for the offense is to try to find the open man.  Encourage the players on offense to move into a triangle formation and find the open man.  The offense should focus on moving to the open space.  Encourage defenders to stay in the passing lane and use the poke check.
Coaches should explain the theory behind an uneven strength (numbers) situation.  See the 2 ON 1 Drill for an explanation.
 
Additional strategies for 3 on 2:
 
Offensive Strategy:
 
a) Triangle Formation-  Three attackers in good shooting position form a triangle, sticks to the outside of the defense.
b)Move the ball-  Moving the ball quickly and unselfishly will move the defenders.  If you have time, don’t  settle for an outside shot when a little work will throw off the defense and potentially free up an attacker inside.
c)Draw the defender-  When you attack the goal, a defender will slide to stop you.  The adjacent pass will probably be covered, so look to the weak side of the goal for an open teammate.  The open player in this situation should be moving his feet, not stationary, angling for a better shot or moving away from the goal so the goalie does not become another defender.
 
Defensive strategy:
 
a) Set up an I formation-  The I formation combats the offensive triangle formation.  The high defender (farthest from the crease) stops the ball carrier, forcing a pass.  The low defender (closer to the crease) slides out to the wing attacker who received the ball.  The high defender slides behind him (maintaining the I) to the center crease, ready to move up or out to pick up the high attacker or the attacker on the opposite wing.
 
b) Fifteen yards out- In the I formation, stay close together and try to stop the ball at least fifteen yards from the crease.  This gives the goalie a better chance at stopping a shot, and keeps the defenders close enough to the attackers to make their slides.
 
c) Stay in the passing lanes- Look for the knockdown pass, but don’t chase balls.  Too many defenders assume they can intercept a pass, and when they don’t, they lose their defensive position or are backdoored by the attacker.
 
d)Exercise Force- When you are down a man, going for the take-away check is not as important as containing the attacker and forcing a bad shot.  Try to force shots down and to the outside. 
 
E) Work the gloves- As an attacker tries to pass or shoot, get a stick on his gloves or try to lift his bottom arm, but avoid window washing- instinctively following the movements of your attackers stick with your own to try to block the shot.  Instead, check on body parts that make
better targets, like the arms and hands.
 
4 ON 3 FAST BREAK DRILL
 
Goal- To develop offensive and defensive understanding of a 4 on 3 fast break situation. 
 
Description-
This drill will simulate a typical 4 on 3 fast break situation.  This drill can be run on one-half of the field.  Designate 3 players to play attack and 3 players to play defense.  Have them spread out along the top of the restraining line.  Have another player (midfielder) who will become the fourth player on offense stand on the midfield line.   It is optional to have a player in goal.  Roll out a ball for this fourth player  (midfielder) who will scoop up the ball and start the fast break.  Once the ball is rolled out the 3 attackmen and 3 defenders on the restraining line will run into position.  Instruct players to take the following steps:
a) The 3 attackmen will form an L.  One attackman will be about 3-5 yards inside the  restraining line and the other two attackmen will be down about 7 yards up and five yards out from the Goal Line Extended.  The two low attackmen will be across from each other.  The high attackman will be adjacent to one of the low defenders (see diagram). This creates balance and spreads out the defenders.
 b) The 3 defenders will form a triangle with each defender covering an attackman.
c)The midfielder with the ball will run at the goal.  If no defender challenges him he can go to the goal and take a shot.  If he is challenged he will run to the open spot in the L and turn the L into a square.
d)Typically the top defender will slide over to cover the ball carrier and stop his penetration.  Instruct the top defender to do this.
e) This should leave the top attackman open for a pass.  Instruct the midfielder to pass the ball over to the open top attackman.
f)One of the low defenders should then slide up to cover the top attackman with the ball.
g)Instruct the top attackman to pass the ball down low to the open attackman.
h) This will force the other down low defender to slide over to cover the open low attackman.
i) This will leave the other low attackman open for a pass and the ball should be passed over to him for an open shot.
 
General Offensive concepts on a fast break:
1)Stay spread out
2)Move the ball to the direction the slide came from.  This man should be open
3)A skip pass can be used at times.  Instead of passing the ball to the person adjacent an attacker can skip over this person and pass to a person diagonally across from him.  This man might be the open man depending how the defense reacts. 
 
General Defensive concepts on a fast break:
1)Keep a tight triangle, with defenders about 10 yards apart.  One defender plays point, with 2 defenders left and right on the crease.  The point defender stops the ball when the attacker gets within 15 yards of the cage.
2)Point man slide- Wait to slide until the attackers are within scoring distance.
3)Additional slides-  Other defenders slide to cover the open man.  After the initial slide a point defender will have to move back to cover an open man.
4) Keep sticks out in the passing lanes.
 
Situations in which fast breaks generally occur-
a)a player beats another in the open field
b)off of a face- off
c)off of a turn over
d)after a save by the goalie and the ball is passed up the field beyond the defenders
e)after the ball goes out of bounds and possession is awarded to one team
 
CLEARING
 
 
DEFENSIVE CLEAR DRILL WHEN GOALIE STARTS WITH THE BALL
 
Goal-
To have players learn how to clear the ball out of the defensive end when the goalie has the ball.
 
Description-
Place 7 players in the defensive end of the field: one goalie, 3 defense, and 3 midfielders.  Tell the players you will be practicing clearing the ball.  Have the defenders start in the hole/crease area (to simulate where they might be in a game situation). The midfielders can be a little further up the field.  The coach will take an easy shot on the goalie.  When the goalie gets the ball he will yell “clear.”  When the defenders see the save (or when they hear clear) the two outside defenders will run to the wing area (by the sidelines).  The middle/crease defender remains in the hole area (about ten yards up and out from the goalie) until the ball is cleared to protect against a broken clear.  The midfielders will move up the field at 90 degree angles, cutting back towards the goalie if covered.  One midfielder will go to each wing and one will remain in the middle of the field. They will make cuts in order to get open.  They shouldn’t go past the midfield line because it will be too far for a goalie to pass the ball.    The goalie will first look to pass the ball to a defender in the wing area (sideline).  (If they are covered he can look for a midfielder.)  Have the goalie pass the ball to a defender and have the players move the ball up the field (either by running or passing).
 
Note-
The goalie can stay in the crease for 4 seconds before he has to pass the ball.  The goalie should take some time to look for the open man.  If no one is open after 4 seconds the goalie can leave the crease with the ball.  Encourage the goalie to pass to an open player and not just throw the ball up the field.  Progressions for the goalie are:
a)pass to open defender on sideline
b)pass to open midfielder near the sideline
c)goalie runs up field and draws an opposing player and then passes off to open man
d)pass over the top to midfielder in the middle
 
 
Variation-
Have a player with a regular stick take on the role of the goalie in making the first pass.  This will make it logistically easier by not having to use a goalie stick.  It will, however, give players a sense of how a goalie should clear the ball.
 
Variation-
Have players cover the 3 players playing defense so the goalie has to pass to a cutting midfielder.
 
Variation-
Place 6  riding players on the field to try and stop the clear. (See Riding Drill).
 
DEFENSIVE CLEAR DRILL WHEN A DEFENDER STARTS WITH THE BALL
 
Goal-
To have players learn how to clear the ball out of the defensive end when a defender has the ball.
 
Description-
Place 7 players in the defensive end of the field: one goalie, 3 defense, and 3 midfielders.  Tell the players you will be practicing clearing the ball.  Have the defenders start in the hole/crease area (to simulate where they might be in a game situation). The midfielders can be a little further up the field.  The coach will start by passing the ball to a defender in the hole area. The defender with the ball will start by sprinting to an open spot on the side of the field, favoring the side of the field he got the ball on.  The 2 other defenders will do the following:  a) one will run to the opposite side of the field from the ball handler;   b) the other defender remains in the hole area (about ten yards up and out from the goalie) until the ball is cleared to protect against a broken clear.  The midfielders will move up the field at 90 degree angles, cutting back towards the goalie if covered.  One midfielder will go to each wing and one will remain in the middle of the field. They will make cuts in order to get open.  They shouldn’t go past the midfield line because it will be too far for the defender to pass the ball. The first option for the defender is a pass to an open midfielder or a defender, depending on where they are.  The second option is a pass back to the goalie.  The goalie should provide an outlet by running towards the defender with the ball (but not too close to him), or by going a little behind the goal.
 
Variation-
Have players cover the 3 players playing defense so the defender has some pressure and has to pass to a cutting midfielder.
 
Variation-
Place 6  riding players on the field to try and stop the clear. (See Riding Drill).
 
 
FOUR MAN BREAK OUT DRILL
 
Goal- To have players practice moving the ball up the field in a clearing situation by passing the ball from one player to the other.
 
Description-
Set up four lines of players about 5 yards up from Goal Line Extended.  The lines should be spread out from each other from sideline to sideline.  Two lines will be to the right of the goal and 2 lines will be to the left of the goal.  There will be a goalie in the net.  Multiple players can be in each line.  Have the goalie start with the ball and pass the ball to the first player in line in the line farthest to his right.  The first player in the other 3 lines will start to run up the field.  The player in the far right line will pass the ball to the player to his left and that player will pass the ball to the next player on the left.  The third player will pass the ball to the fourth player on the left.  By that time they should be near the other end of the field (if they are not they can work the ball back to the right).  Each player should lead the next player with his pass.  After the first group of players is part way up the field have the next group go (and so on).  Once all the players are down the field have the goalie run up the field and have the group come back the other way.
 
Variation-  Start by passing the ball to the player on the far left and go from left to right with the passes.
 
Variation-  If you don’t have a regular goalie have a defenseman or coach make the first pass.
 
Note-
Instruct the players that if they are in a clearing situation and a player other than the goalie gets the ball they should look to move the ball up the field.  How this happens depends on the situation.  The options are:
1)The first choice is to pass the ball up the field to the open man because  a passed ball moves faster than a player running.
2)A player can run with the ball if there is open space or the player needs to free his hands before making a pass.  The player should still look for an open man ahead.
3)If there is pressure a  player can pass the ball to the goalie in the crease.  The goalie will have 4 seconds before he has to leave the crease so he has time to assess the situation.
 
 
RIDING DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players learn how to put pressure on the defense when the defense is trying to clear the ball.
 
Description-
In this simulation players on offense will be positioned on the field so they know where to play and what they should do.  Place 3 attackmen and one midfielder along the restraining line (one on the right, one on the left, two in the middle) and tell them they are to assume the goalie or the defender has the ball.  Tell them they are playing a man to man defense.  Tell them that the person closest to the ball will go to that person to put pressure on him to throw the ball.  The others will cover an opponent.  Place 2 midfielders further back toward the midfield area and tell them they are to cover an opposing player.  The one player they will leave open is the one furthest from the ball.
 
Variation-
Place 7 players on the field as if they were to clear the ball (as in the defensive clear drill).  Place 6 offense (riders) on the field.  To start the coach will take an easy shot on the goalie and the defense will try to clear the ball. The riders will try to pressure the defense. 
 
Variation-
Teach the concept of double covering the person taking out the ball on offense after a whistle or out of bounds situation by setting up a double cover.  Instruct one player to cover the man with the ball and have an adjacent defender cheat over to the ball carrier.  At the whistle have him run and double cover the ball carrier.
 
Notes-
See the Defensive Clear Drill.  See the Lane Drill from the Dodging section to practice one on one riding skills.
 
GOING TO THE HOLE DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players learn where to go when running back on defense in an even situation and how to match up against offensive players.
 
Description-
Set up two teams of players as if they were in a face off situation at midfield .  Pick one team to start with the ball on offense and tell the other team they will be playing defense. Give the ball to an attackman on the team that will be playing offense. (There will be no face off).  On the coaches’  command have the offensive team run to their positions in a settled offense.  Have the defenders run to the hole area and then call out the numbers of the players they will be covering and run to their defensive positions.  The defenders should try to pick up the closest player.  The players on offense will not try to score a goal but rather get in position to pass the ball around the perimeter. Have defenders practice the piston concept while the offense passes the ball around the perimeter.  After the ball is passed around for a few minutes, go back to the starting position and run the drill at the other end of the field so all players get a chance to practice.
 
Variation-
Start the drill by having the players clustered together in the midfield area as  opposed to set face off positions.  This will provide for more of a challenge for defenders trying to match up with offensive players.  On the coaches’ command have the players run to their positions.  Tell the defenders to run to the hole first and then find a player to match up with.
 Have the defenders call out numbers.
 
 
SETTLED OFFENSE
 
SETTLED  OFFENSE DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players understand their positions in a settled offense (1-3-2) and how to move the ball and get open for a pass by cutting and setting picks.  The purpose is to place players in a settled offense situation so the can practice the key offensive concepts in a real (game like) yet  controlled situation. 
 
Description-
Place 6 players in the offensive zone. Set them up in the 1-3-2 (one attackman at X behind the goal, 3 (2 attackmen on  the wing and one midfielder in the crease area),  2  (2 midfielders along the restraining line). This will look like 2 stacked triangles.  Practice the following offensive concepts (you may have to cover these over a number of practices).  Start by having the players go through the concepts in a structured way so they understand how to use the concepts in a settled situation.  Most likely you will have already covered these concepts in previous drills.  (See the Shelburne Playbook for  for more plays and concepts)
 
Concepts-
1)Go to the goal if you are not covered and take a shot.
 Dodge a player if you think you can beat that defender.  Have players practice dodging from all of the different offensive positions.  For example, the player at x will make a dodge toward goal.  Coaches can act as defenders.
2)Pass to your adjacent help.
The player adjacent to you – next to you- is your adjacent help.  That player will provide an outlet for you if you are pressured.  By passing to that player you will also force the defense to shift their defense, which can create opportunities.   Players should be prepared to pass within 3 seconds if there is no dodging opportunity.  Feeders should get separation from the defender when making the pass (popping out).  Adjacent help should try to get within 7-8 yards of the ball carrier to receive a pass.   Have players practice passing to their adjacent help. 
3)Adjacent help should make cuts to get open.
 Adjacent players should make V cuts, backdoor cuts, and frontside cuts to get open.  Take turns giving the ball to all the offensive players.  Have adjacent help practice making V cuts, backdoor cuts and frontside cuts and receiving a feed from the player with the ball.  After getting  a feed players can take a shot on goal.  Explain to them they should return to their position if they don’t get a feed. Coaches can act as defenders.  For example, A3 has the ball.  M3 will make a V cut.  Play Number 3 (Backdoor Draw and Dump) uses a cutter getting open.
4)Players should use the give and go.
Players should use the give and go.  Set up a variety of situations from  the settled offense where players would use the give and go.  Play Number 4 (Give and Go with a Backdoor Cut) is a give and go.
5) Players should use picks and pick and rolls.
Set up a variety of pick and pick and roll situations within the settled offense.  Play number 2 (Pass and Pick Away) is an off-ball pick.
6) Players should clear space for each other by making clear out cuts.
Set up situations where a player runs into the space of another player and have the non-ball carrying player clear space (move away from) the ball carrying player.  Play number 1 (Midfield Sweep) uses the clear out concept.
7)Players should screen the goalie.
Players near the crease can move in to screen the goalie.  Set up a screening situation.
8)Exchange places.
Two attackers or midfielders change places on the field.  This simple maneuver occupies defenders and prevents potential defensive slides.  Have players practice exchanging places.
Notes-
 
Explain to the players that a settled offense is nothing more than players using set offensive plays or “formations” that incorporate basic offensive principles to create scoring opportunities around the goal area.  Players need to be able to recognize that if they are not able to exploit a numerical advantage, they must slow down the play and settle into a formation.
 
Explain to them the concept of cutting (backside, frontside, V Cut) if it hasn’t been covered.  Explain to the person behind the goal at X that if a shot is taken and it misses the goal he should hustle to the end line to be the first there so his team can maintain possession of the ball.
 
Variation-
Add in 5 or 6 defensive players and run the above concepts.
 
See The Example of the 1-3-2 Formation On Offense Below:
EXAMPLE-   1-3-2 formation on offense (from the end line to the restraining line)
 
                  
 
                                                                A2
 
                                                               ------
                                                                Goal
 
                         A1                                                                  A3
 
 
 
 
                                                                M2
 
 
 
                         M1                                                                   M3
 
 
 
SETTLED DEFENSE
 
DEFENSIVE BINGO GAME
 
Goal-
To teach team defensive concepts.
 
Description-
Six offensive players arrange themselves in the attack box area in a 1- 3-2 formation (the 1 being behind the goal).  Six defensive players match up on them.  The defense will be playing man to man defense, which is the defense that will be used in the Shelburne program.  The offense passes the ball around the perimeter while you check each player’s on-ball and off-ball positioning. The defenders will be playing man to man but will be pinching into the hole area.  This is also called sagging in.  See the diagram below.  Instruct the offensive players not to pass until you have corrected the position of all defensive players.
         Be sure the defenders use the piston concept as the offensive team passes the ball: one defensive player moves out to the ball and one moves back in. the player moving out to the ball carrier says, “I’ve got ball,” or “ball.”  Make sure the defensive player moves out to the ball in a controlled manner, otherwise the ball carrier will just run past the charging defender and have an open shot.  Make sure that the defender understands that if he runs out, there is no way he can change directions if the ball carrier decides to dodge.  Instruct the defenders that the offensive player adjacent to the ball carrier is the next most dangerous player and the defender can play a little closer to that player.
Cover the following defensive concepts during this drill:
 
To get all players involved set up a six on six on both ends of the field.  In the alternative , have one group of players watching, and then switch up the groups after a period of time.
 
Concepts-
1) Matching Up-
Every offensive man must be covered.  Each defender should call out loudly the number of the player he is guarding.  This is man to man defense.  If the man you are covering runs far away from the hole, play off of the man by sagging into the hole so you can provide backup, but keep an eye on your man.  Once he comes closer to the hole, play him closer.  If an offensive player is behind the goal and doesn’t have the ball, the defender should stay in front of the goal (so he can provide back up).  When the offensive player behind the goal gets the ball, then the defender will move out to cover him.
 
2)Pressuring the Ball-
The defender covering the ball puts pressure on the ball carrier by mirroring his movement with good footwork and by poke checking to disrupt his concentration.
 
3)Pinching the Crease-
When in an off-ball position, five players pinch to the hole area, and one player plays the ball carrier on the perimeter. Off-ball players help protect the most dangerous area, which is the hole.  Defenders do not go behind the Goal Line Extended (GLE) unless an offensive player has the ball.  See the diagram below.
 
4) “Head On A Swivel” technique for off ball play.
 A defender who does not have the ball should constantly look around like his head is on a swivel to see where the ball is and to be aware of what is happening on the field.
 
 
5)Communication Between Defenders-
The most important aspect of team defense is good communication between defenders about where the ball is on the field, who is guarding the ball, who needs help when beaten by an attacking player, and who goes to help that beaten defender.   The most basic rule of defense is to stay between your man and the goal and at the same time to see the ball.  The most vital aspect of functioning as a team will be the act of communicating with each other so that you can truly function as a team.  See the communication terms below.
 
6) Provide backup for other Defenders-
If a defender is beaten by an offensive player, another defender must move into position to cover that offensive player.  This is called “sliding.”  This will be covered in other drills.
 
Variations-
1) Have the players use the communication terminology and call out their roles.  Place a goalie in net and have him yell out where the ball is etc.
 
2)Set up a sliding situation.
 
 
 
Diagram (D is defense):
 
 
 
 
                                                                 A2
 
                                                               ------
                                                               Goal
 
                         A1           D                          D                     D        A3
 
 
                                                                 D
                                                                 
                                                                M2
 
                               D                                                     D
 
                         M1                                                                   M3
 
 
 
 
Key defensive terms-
 
-“I’ve got ball!” or “ball.” – The defensive player guarding the ball should yell this to let his teammates know that he is covering the most dangerous player.  It also lets his teammates know where the ball is on the field. 
 
-“I’ve got your help” – Defenders next to the ball carrier may also yell this to communicate to the defender guarding the ball carrier that this defender has help should his attacker try to beat him.

-‘I’ve got two!” – A defender who finds himself guarding two players  should yell this to communicate that he needs another defender to come help him to pick one player up.
 
-“Help!” – A defender who has been beaten by his attacking opponent should yell this to let his teammates know that he has been beaten and needs someone to pick this player up until he can recover.
 
-“I’m One!” – The defender closest to the ball carrier should yell this to let his teammates know that he will be the first to slide towards the ball carrier should the ball carrier drive towards the goal (see the next defensive concept for an explanation of sliding).  This player may also yell – “I’ve got you back,” which means he will help if the defender gets beaten or if another teammate has to slide.
 
-‘I’m two” – The second defender to slide after the first defender who has called ‘I’m one” should yell “I’m two!” so his teammates know that he will be the second defender to slide to cover the ball carrier driving towards the goal.
 
-“I’ve got your help” – Defenders next to the ball carrier may also yell this to communicate to the defender guarding the ball carrier that this defender has help should his attacker try to beat him.
 
-Slide!” – If the defender guarding the ball carrier does need help he can also yell this to let the adjacent defenders know they need to slide to cover the ball carrier.
 
-“Switch” – To maintain balanced coverage, the defender without the ball calls for a switch of man-on-man coverage. 
 

ADJACENT SLIDE DRILL
 
Goal-
To have defenders learn how to slide to cover for another defender who is beaten by an offensive player.
 
Description-
             Set up a six on six situation.  Place the offense in the 1-3-2 set up and have the defenders play man to man.  Designate one of the defenders to be beaten by an offensive player, setting up an adjacent sliding situation.  Explain that the defender next to (adjacent to) the defender that is beaten will slide to pick up the uncovered offensive player.  Because there are two players next to (adjacent to) the beaten defender (one to his left and one to his right), the situation will dictate which adjacent player slides. These two players are known as “help right” and “help left.”  If the ball defender is beaten to the right, the slide comes from the right.   If the ball defender is beaten to the left, the slide comes from the left. This first slide is known as a “hot slide.”  Tell the offensive player to beat the defender to the defender’s right, causing a slide from that side.  Then do it from the left.
 
    Next, take it a step further. Explain to the players that when the adjacent player slides, the adjacent player next to the slider has to slide and cover the player that the slider was covering.  This is called a “cold slide.”  Set up a situation where a defender is beaten and there is a hot slide and a cold slide.  Do it to both to the right and the left. Explain to the players that if the hot slide comes from the right, the cold slide will come from the right.   In theory, the slides would take place amongst all the defenders, like a chain reaction.  It is a circular motion.  Set up another situation where this occurs.  The first defender that was originally beaten will run and cover an open man.
 
 
Note-
Exception-   When an offensive player beats a defender behind the crease, the defenseman on the far side of the crease makes the slide (not the defender guarding the crease player).   The crease defender stays locked on the man he is covering.  Set up a situation where this occurs.
 
Note-
See diagram below
 

Diagram (D is defense, O is offense)
 
 
O5
 
 
-----
Goal
                                                 
                                           D5 ------------à (Cold Slide)
 
                 D4                                D2                       D6    O6
          O4                                           O2                    (Cold Slide)                                                      
                                                                                -
                                                                                -
                                                                                -
                                                                                -
                                                                                -
 
 
          O1 With Ball                        < ----------------    D3 (Hot slide)
 
     D1 (Beaten by O1)                                                  O3
 
 
 
 
MAN DOWN DEFENSE DRILL
 
Goal-
To have defenders learn defense while playing without a man.
 
Description-
Six offensive players arrange themselves in the attack box area in a 3- 1-2 formation (the 1 being behind the goal).  Five defensive players set up.    The defense will be playing a 2-1-2 zone defense.  Two players will be up top and 2 players will be spread along the crease (see diagram below). 1 player will be in the crease. The offense passes the ball around the perimeter while you check each defender’s on-ball and off-ball positioning. The defenders will be pinching into the hole area.  This is also called sagging in. Instruct the offensive players not to pass until you have corrected the position of all defensive players.
         Be sure the defenders use the piston concept as the offensive team passes the ball: one defensive player moves out to the ball and one moves back in. the player moving out to the ball carrier says, “I’ve got ball,” or “ball.”  Make sure the defensive player moves out to the ball in a controlled manner, otherwise the ball carrier will just run past the charging defender and have an open shot.  Make sure that the defender understands that if he runs out, there is no way he can change directions if the ball carrier decides to dodge.  Instruct the defenders that the offensive player adjacent to the ball carrier is the next most dangerous player and the defender can play a little closer to that player.  Tell all defenders to apply the principle of “sticks in and bodies out.”  Defenders should position their sticks to the inside (pointing to the crease), cutting down passing lanes to the crease area
Diagram (D is defense):
 
 
                                                                 A2
 
                                                               ------
 
                         A1           D                                               D        A3
 
                                                                 D
                                                                
                                                                 
                                                                M2
                                     D                                           D
                                                                                 
 
                         M1                                                                   M3
 
 
 
SECTION 5- FINISHING ACTIVITIES
 
3 ON 3
 
Goal-
To have players try to score and defend in a 3 on 3 situation.
 
Description-
Form teams of 3 players per team.  Players will play on one-half a field and shoot on the same net. Create a line out of cones about 10 feet from the goal.  Players need to be inside this line to shoot.   To start, have two teams of three come out.  Next, throw the ball out.  The team that gets the ball first will go on offense.  Players pass and dodge in attempt to score.  To encourage passing, players need to pass three times before they can score.  Have the players stay out for about 2 minutes and then have two new teams of 3 come out.  If there is a turnover the team getting the ball will go on offense.  To make the game harder, tie a bag in the middle of the goal (which the players need to hit to score).
 
Note-
Before starting review the V Cut, Backside Cut, and the Frontside Cut.
 
3 ON 3 KEEP AWAY
 
Goal-
To have players practice moving without the ball and man to man coverage.
 
Description-
 Set up a square about 20 yards by 20 yards.  Create groups of 3 players.  Send two groups of three players into the square.  One group of three players will try to keep the ball away from the other group.  Offensive players cut to get open.  Defensive players play man to man defense.  If there is a turnover the team getting the ball goes on offense.  Leave teams out for a few minutes and switch.
 
Note-
Before starting review the V Cut, Backside Cut, and the Frontside Cut.
 
 
SCRIMMAGE
 
Goal-
To have players simulate a game situation.
 
Description-
There may not be enough players to play 10 on 10.  Consider smaller numbers per side with a smaller field.
 
GOOD GUY/BAD GUY
 
See Finding Space section for an explanation of the drill.
 
 
SECTION 6- GOALIE SKILLS
 
CATCHING GAME
 
Goal-
To have players practice catching with a goalie stick.
 
Description-
Place player in goal.  Give the goalie practice shots.  Shoot high and low to both the dominant side and non-dominant side.  Shoot some bounce shots.  Instruct the goalie that he will use the same catching technique as he does for a regular stick. The goalie should be instructed that he should step into a save by stepping with his right foot if the shot is to his right side.  He should step with his left foot if the shot is to his left side. Instruct goalies that they should use their stick to catch in a similar manner to how they catch with a regular stick. (See the catching section)
 
SOFT BALL DRILL
 
Goal-
To have players get comfortable playing goalie by having people shoot soft balls on goal.
 
Description-
Instruct players in basic goalie technique. Place one player in goal with a goalie stick.  Have a group of players line up a reasonable distance from the goal (so that the shots present a challenge but are not too hard).  Instruct them that they have to shoot from behind a line.  Put down a stick as the line.   Have each kid in line take a shot on goal and have the goalie keep track of how many saves he makes. Then have a new player play goal.  At the end see who has made the most saves.  The point of using the soft ball is so goalies won’t be worried about getting injured.  The reason for shooting behind a line is so that the balls don’t come too fast at the goalie.
 
THROWING GAME
 
Goal-
To have the goalie practice throwing with a goalie stick and understand the concept of where to clear the ball.
 
Description-
Have the goalie stand in the goal.  The coach will stand near the side line and have the goalie practice clearing the ball to the coach.
 
CUTTING DOWN THE ANGLE
 
Goal-
To have a goalie learn how to cut down the shooter’s angle.
 
Description-
Place the player in goal.  The coach will take shots from a variety of angles. Coach will start to the right of the goalie and work his way left. Instruct the goalie that he should move to face the shooter and cut off the amount of net the shooter has to shoot at.  The goalie should be instructed that he should step into a save by stepping with his right foot if the shot is to his right side.  He should step with his left foot if the shot is to his left side.
 
DEFENSIVE CLEAR WHEN THE GOALIE STARTS WITH THE BALL
 
See the Transition Offense and Defense Section